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Timeline 1
of

Tao
Qigong
Taijiquan
 
The following is an attempt to put together in chronological order information about the Tao, Qigong andTaijiquan. I'm living on a small island in the Gulf of Thailand and the only sources I have are a few books. I could (and will) use the Internet, which is not so easy without a phone line (I try not to get on the nerves of my friends too much). If you have any information (please add a source) which would fit into this timetable I will fill it in.
I have not finished the time line yet. Attached is a list of books I have used. If you know of a source I am missing please send additional information to:
taiji@HEREandNOW.be
 
Era
& Time
Events and PersonsSource
8000 BCIt was discoverd that "da-wu", the Great Dance, had therapeutic benefits. At that time all forms of medicine were the domain of tribal shamans, whose role it was to commune with the powers of Heaven (tien) and Earth (di) for the benefit of Humanity (ren).1
2700 BC
Huang Ti
The
Yellow
Emperor
In Taoist lore Huang Ti was the original progenitor of the health and longevity practices whith which Chi Gong has been linked so long. His discourses on health with his chief medical advisor, Chi Po, are recorded in the Huang Ti Nei Ching, The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine. Appeared in written form about 300 BC.1
2000 BCWritten references to Chi Gong found in northern China date from this period. Fu Yi then wrote: "Chi Gong is an art that pleases the spirit, slows the ageing process and prolongs life."1
Yin and Chou Periods
1800-400 BC
Peng Tzu, credited as the progenitor of the dao-yin method of moving Chi with long slow extensions of the limbs combined with deep abdominal breathing. He is regarded as the founding father of Chi Gong as a path to longevity.
Wang Chih-chiao, prince of the early Chou dynasty is said to have practised tu-na (expel and draw in).This period also produced the I-Ching (Book of Change).
1
Chou
1111-255BC(7)
The concept of applying the universal principles of nature and the cosmos to the temporal affairs of human life became a fundamental tenet of early Taoist philosophy.1
Warring States,
Han era
403 BC -
221 AD
A) A time of great intellectual creativity, giving birth to Lao Tse, Confucius (551-479), Mencius (372-289), Chuang-Tzu (369-286), Xun (298-238). Lao Tse, to whom the Tao Teh Ching is attributed, was regarded as the pre-eminent Taoist philosopher of this period.
B) Chuang-tzu emphasized: "Swaying like a bear, stretching like a bird...for longevity."
A) = 1
B) = 2
Dates
by 7
Qin Dynasty 221-207 BCLue Buwei stated: "When yin is inert and yang is obstructed, the human body's Chi remains unable to flow and the bones and muscles become contracted, thus they need strengthenig and relaxing through dance. This has been the case since ancient times."6
Han era
206 BC -
221 AD
The woman warrior Yueeh nue told her King: "The art of swordmanship is extremely subtle and elusive; its principles are most secret and profound. The Tao has its gate and door, its yin and yang. Open the gate and close the door; yin declines and yang rises. When practicing the art of hand-to-hand combat, concentrate your spirit internally and give the impression of relaxation externally. You should look like a modest woman and strike like a ferocious tiger. As you assume various postures, regulate your Chi, moving always with the spirit. Your skill should be as obvious as the sun and as startling as a bolting hare. Your opponent endeavors to pursue your form and chase your shadow, yet your image hovers between existence and non-existence. The breath moves in and out and should never be held."3
221 ADThe first unified empire in chinese history 

Continued on next page

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Source Details

1: Daniel Reid, Chi Gung
ISBN 0-684-82125-7
2: Thomas Cleary, Vitality, Energy, Spirit
ISBN 0-87773-519-0
3: Douglas Wile, T'ai Chi's Ancestors
ISBN 0-912059-04-4
4: Douglas Wile, Lost T'ai Chi Classics...
ISBN 0-7914-2653-X
5: Song Z.J., T'ai Chi Ch'uan (in german)
ISBN 3-492-03409-8
6: Yu Gongbao, Chinese Qigong Illustrated
ISBN 983-899-757-9
7: Victor H. Mair, Zhuangzi (in german)
ISBN 3-8105-1259-1
8: Lo/Inn/Amacker/Foe, The Essence of T'ai Chi Ch'uan
ISBN 0-913028-63-0

 

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